Part of fly fishing basics is learning to tie flyfishing knots. We will discuss these fishing knots in the order that you will need them when assembling your outfit.

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Essential Fly Fishing Knots

Learning the different knots is easy.It is a good idea to practice these knots at home before you head for the water.

The first step is loading the line onto the reel. Make sure you set the reel up for use with the hand that you reel with. Most reels can be changed easily from left to right hand using the manufacturer’s instructions. You will want to get this set before you start as you don’t want to have to remove all the line and reload it.

Before you start adding backing to your reel, make sure you know how much to add. Most reel manufacturers have a chart letting you know. It depends on the fly fishing line you plan on using.

Learn more about fly fishing line.

The line should be winding on the reel so that the line is going to the bottom of the reel when you hold it.

The Arbor Knot

The Arbor knot is used to tie the backing to the reel. Of the different flyfishing knots, this is a very simple knot. It includes an overhand knot around the line with another overhand knot at the tag end, that allows the knot to be cinched tight. See the Arbor knot tied.

The Albright Knot

Since fly lines and the backing line are made of different materials (Dacron to plastic), the Albright knot works best here. This knot can slide through the guides of your rod easier than other knots. See the Albright Knot tied.

The Nail Knot

The Nail knot is used to tie the backing to the fly line, and/or the fly line to the leader.

It is more complicated than an Albright knot but there are small tools available today that make it a simple job. This knot also gives you a straight connection between the two lines. See the Nail knot tied.

The Perfection Knot

Some fly line (and pre-made leaders) will come with loops at the end. This may require you to tie a perfection loop in the other line. The perfection loop makes it easy to change your line or leader. See the Perfection Knot tied.

The Double Surgeon's Knot

The double surgeon’s knot is used to tie the tippet to the leader. This is important because you may need to change the length or weight of the tippet. This knot is the easiest to tie. You simply tie an overhand knot twice. It is good for connecting two lines of the same diameter. See the Double Surgeons knot tied.

Improved Clinch Knot

This is one of several knots used to tie the fly to the tippet. Practice it often. Of the entire group of flyfishing knots, you will be using it the most. If you are like me and you are fly fishing a small stream in the woods, you may be tying on new flies often.

See the Improved Clinch Knot tied.

The other knot that is used to tie your fly on is called a Turtle knot. See the Turtle Knot tied.

Final Thoughts on Flyfishing Knots

When you are learning and practicing basic flyfishing knots consider the following tips and commit them to your fishing habits.

•Moisten all knots before tightening.
•Tighten your fishing knot slowly, and then test it.
•Replace fly line, leaders and tippets when they show wear.
•Take discarded fly line home with you. Don’t discard it on the riverbank.
•Learn these basic knots till you have them perfected. Then branch out from there.
Learn more about tying fishing knots that hold.

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